Image Retrieval via Kullback Divergence of Patches of Wavelets Coefficients in the k-NN Framework

author: Michel Barlaud, Polytech'Nice, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis
published: Dec. 5, 2008,   recorded: November 2008,   views: 480


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This talk presents a framework to define an objective measure of the similarity (or dissimilarity) between two images for image processing. The problem is twofold:

  • define a set of features that capture the information contained in the image relevant for the given task and
  • define a similarity measure in this feature space.

In this paper, we propose a feature space as well as a statistical measure on this space. Our feature space is based on a global description of the image in a multiscale transformed domain. After decomposition into a Laplacian pyramid, the coefficients are arranged in intrascale/ interscale/interchannel patches which reflect the dependencies of neighboring coefficients in presence of specific structures or textures. At each scale, the probability density function (pdf) of these patches is used as a description of the relevant information. Because of the sparsity of the multiscale transform, the most significant patches, called Sparse Multiscale Patches (SMP), describe efficiently these pdfs.

We propose a statistical measure (the Kullback-Leibler divergence) based on the comparison of these probability density function. Interestingly, this measure is estimated via the nonparametric, k-th nearest neighbor framework without explicitly building the pdfs. This framework is applied to a query-by-example image retrieval method. Experiments on two publicly available databases showed the potential of our SMP approach for this task. In particular, it performed comparably to a SIFT-based retrieval method and two versions of a fuzzy segmentation-based method (the UFM and CLUE methods), and it exhibited some robustness to different geometric and radiometric deformations of the images.

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Reviews and comments:

Comment1 Entenschnabel, August 2, 2013 at 8:13 p.m.:

I genuinely don't understand why this person was chosen to present. Speaking is obviously not one of his strong skills. Terrible presentation.

Comment2 Damien, March 15, 2014 at 12:28 p.m.:

Is this a joke ? At least it's a great counter-example for teaching someone how to give a good presentation.

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